Android Create SQLite database and Adding Data

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android-sqlite-database-add-data-example

Android SQLite database: Using SQLite database in android application, we can save number of temporary records locally the user’s device. We can create different table with specific column types and store the required data. One useful usage of SQLite database can be creating OFFLINE database for the application when the internet connectivity isn’t available. We can then later sync the data once the connection is available and delete the records from SQLite database tables. In this post we will see a simple example of creating a SQLite database and adding data.

The database will contain a table for storing Product information, this stored data will be displayed on a Android ListView control. DOWNLOAD SOURCE CODE

Create a layout file in your project with name products.xml and edit it as below:

res > layout > products.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical">

<TableLayout
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:padding="5dp">

<TableRow
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="5">

<TextView
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:text="Product Name" />

<EditText
android:id="@+id/txtProductName"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="4" />
</TableRow>

<TableRow
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="5">

<TextView
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:text="Product Category" />

<EditText
android:id="@+id/txtProductCategory"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="4" />
</TableRow>

<TableRow
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="5">

<TextView
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:text="Price" />

<EditText
android:id="@+id/txtProductPrice"
android:inputType="numberDecimal"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="4" />
</TableRow>

</TableLayout>

<Button
android:id="@+id/btnSave"
android:layout_height="50dp"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_margin="5dp"
android:layout_gravity="center"
android:onClick="saveProduct"
android:text="SAVE" />

<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal"
android:padding="4dp"
android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
android:layout_columnSpan="1"
android:weightSum="8">
<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="ID"
android:textColor="@color/colorWhite"
android:layout_weight="1"/>
<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="NAME"
android:textColor="@color/colorWhite"
android:layout_weight="3"/>

<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="CATEGORY"
android:textColor="@color/colorWhite"
android:layout_weight="3"/>
<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="PRICE"
android:textColor="@color/colorWhite"
android:layout_weight="1"/>

</LinearLayout>
<ListView
android:id="@+id/lstProducts"
android:padding="2dp"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignParentLeft="true">

</ListView>

</LinearLayout>

This will be our main layout file. From this screen user will be able to add data and save it into SQLite database.android-sqlite-database-add-data-example Now create a template layout design file for the Product ListView with name: lst_template.xml:

res > layout > lst_template.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="horizontal"
android:padding="4dp"
android:layout_columnSpan="1"
android:weightSum="8">

<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:id="@+id/lblId"
android:layout_weight="1"/>

<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:id="@+id/lblName"
android:layout_weight="3"/>

<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:id="@+id/lblCategory"
android:layout_weight="3"/>
<TextView
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:id="@+id/lblPrice"
android:layout_weight="1"/>

</LinearLayout>

This template will be used to display the products data stored in the SQLite database.

Now create a class file with name DBController.java and edit it as below:

DBController.java:

package com.example.sqliteexport;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;

public class DBController extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
private static final String tablename = "tblProducts"; // tablename
private static final String product = "product"; // column name
private static final String id = "ID"; // auto generated ID column
private static final String category = "category"; // column name
private static final String price = "price";
private static final String databasename = "dbProducts"; // Dtabasename
private static final int versioncode = 1; //versioncode of the database

public DBController(Context context) {
super(context, databasename, null, versioncode);

}

@Override
public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase database) {
String query;
query = "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS " + tablename + "(" + id + " integer primary key, "
+ product + " text, " + category + " text, " + price + " text )";
database.execSQL(query);
}

@Override
public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase database, int version_old,
int current_version) {
String query;
query = "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS " + tablename;
database.execSQL(query);
onCreate(database);
}

public ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> getProducts() {

ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> productList = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>>();
SQLiteDatabase database = this.getWritableDatabase();
Cursor cursor = database.rawQuery("SELECT * FROM " + tablename, null);
if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
do {

HashMap<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
map.put("id", cursor.getString(0));
map.put("product", cursor.getString(1));
map.put("category", cursor.getString(2));
map.put("price", cursor.getString(3));
productList.add(map);
} while (cursor.moveToNext());
}

cursor.close();
database.close();

// return contact list
return productList;
}

public boolean addProduct(String productName, String productCategory, String productPrice) {
try {
SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
cv.put(product, productName);
cv.put(category, productCategory);
cv.put(price, productPrice);
db.insert(tablename, null, cv);
db.close();

return true;
} catch (Exception ex) {
return false;
}

}
}

This is our database class. Using this, we will create database and its table. The onCreate method will create the table with the specified table name if it is not created. The getProducts() method will return all the product records present in the table in ArrayList. The addProduct() function adds new records in the table. Now create a class file with name Products.java and edit it as below:

Products.java:

package com.example.sqliteexport;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.TextUtils;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;
import android.widget.Toast;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;

public class Products extends AppCompatActivity {

Button btnSave;
EditText txtProductName, txtProductCategory, txtProductPrice;
DBController dbController;
ListView lstProducts;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.products);

btnSave = findViewById(R.id.btnSave);

txtProductCategory = findViewById(R.id.txtProductCategory);
txtProductName = findViewById(R.id.txtProductName);
txtProductPrice = findViewById(R.id.txtProductPrice);

lstProducts = findViewById(R.id.lstProducts);

clear();
dbController = new DBController(getApplicationContext());
setProducts();
}

public void clear() {
txtProductName.setText("");
txtProductCategory.setText("");
txtProductPrice.setText("");
}

public void saveProduct(View v) {
try {
if (dbController == null)
dbController = new DBController(getApplicationContext());
if (TextUtils.isEmpty(txtProductCategory.getText().toString()) ||
TextUtils.isEmpty(txtProductName.getText().toString()) ||
TextUtils.isEmpty(txtProductPrice.getText().toString())) {
Toast.makeText(Products.this, "Please enter product name, its category & price to save", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
return;
}

boolean result = dbController.addProduct(txtProductName.getText().toString(), txtProductCategory.getText().toString(), txtProductPrice.getText().toString());
if (result) {
clear();
Toast.makeText(Products.this, "Product saved successfully", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
setProducts();
} else
Toast.makeText(Products.this, "Cannot save product", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

} catch (Exception ex) {
Toast.makeText(Products.this, ex.getMessage(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
}
}

public void setProducts() {
try {
if(dbController == null)
dbController = new DBController(getApplicationContext());

List<HashMap<String, String>> data = dbController.getProducts();
if (data.size() != 0) {
SimpleAdapter adapter = new SimpleAdapter(
Products.this, data, R.layout.lst_template,
new String[]{"id", "product", "category", "price"}, new int[]{
R.id.lblId,R.id.lblName,
R.id.lblCategory, R.id.lblPrice});

lstProducts.setAdapter(adapter);
}

} catch (Exception ex) {
Toast.makeText(Products.this, ex.getMessage().toString(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
}
}

The saveProduct() function is being called when the Save button is pressed. It will pass the data entered by the user to DBController method, which stores the data into SQLite database table. The setProducts() function calls the getProducts() method of the DBController class and fills the data into an Adapter and sets it to ListView.

android-create-sqlite-database-add-records-02

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